• Ionia Conservation District

    Red-Osier Dogwood

    (Cornus stoloninfera) Small to medium size shrub (3-6 ft. ht.) grows along the borders of streams, wetlands, and ditches. The bright red twigs make this plant useful in landscaping. Deer browse the twigs in winter and various birds feed on the white berries. Also useful for stream bank stabilization. Moderately shade intolerant.
  • Ionia Conservation District

    American Mountain Ash

    (Sorbus americana) Large size shrub (10-30 ft.) prefers moist, rich soil and is usually found growing around swamps, bogs, and streams. Clusters of white flowers develop May-June into bright orange-red berries relished by birds.
  • Ionia Conservation District


    Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris) Medium to large sized shrub (4-6 ft) grows on a wide variety of soils. Provides wildlife with dense cover. It is also good for landscaping. Shade intolerant.
  • Ionia Conservation District


    Ninebark:(Physocarpus opilofolius) A native wetland edge species which prefers full sun to partial shade. This spreading shrub grows 6-8ft. The cluster of pinkish-white flowers give way to a cluster of small nutlets containing seed heads by early autumn. Seeds are highly preferred by songbirds and grouse. Prefers high moisture organic soil. commonly found along stream banks.
  • Silky Dogwood Spring Shrub

    Silky Dogwood

    Silky dogwood: (Cornus amomum) Small to medium size (3-6 ft.) grows along streams, wetlands, and ditches but may grow in slightly drier soils. Dull maroon color twigs for landscape uses. Deer browse on the twigs, while birds feed on berries. Shade tolerant.
  • Roselow Sargent Crabapple Spring Shrub

    Sargent Crabapple

    Roselow sargent crab: (Malus sargentii) Medium size shrub (6-8 ft.) that grows best on well-drained sandy loam soils. Dark red fruit that persists until eaten. A favorite of many wildlife species. Great addition to habitat projects. Shade intolerant.
  • Highbush Cranberry Spring Shrubs

    Highbush Cranberry

    Highbush cranberry: (Viburnum trilobum) Medium size shrub (6-10 ft.) which prefers moist soils, but can be used in upland plantings, often found growing near ditches and wetland edges. Berries stay on until eaten by birds and, although not a true cranberry, the fruit is edible in jams and jellies. Moderately shade tolerant. Good food source for turkeys and other animals in late winter.
  • Ionia Conservation District

    Speckled Alder

    SPECKLED ALDER (Alnus rug) up to 25 ft. Grows along streams and ditches. Prefers moist soils. Turkey, ruffed grouse, bob white, pheasant, woodcock are a few birds that feed on the seed. Use for deer cover in moist areas. Moderate shade tolerance.